Matthew Harris

SEPTEMBER 11 2001

Background and Overview
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September 11 2001 was a day that impacted and changed America forever. On this day about 19 members of a group called Al Qaeda planned a assault
toward the US. They hijacked planes and crashed them into areas amongst the US, Those areas including the World Trade Center, and the Pentagon. The worst crashes were the ones that hit the Twin Towers. The crash killed thousands, and injured many. Not only was it a surprise that this happened, it was a huge shock, because Americans didn't think it wold or could happen.


Who
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Al Qaeda is a group made up of Muslims, Arab, Afghanistan veterans and radicals around the world who were all led by leader Osama Bin Laden. The idea behind the group Al Qaeda was that they wanted to drive Americans and American influence out of all Muslim nations. Especially in Saudi Arabia, and they also wanted to destroy Israel, and topple pro-Western dictatorships around the Middle East.They also wished to unite all Muslims and establish, by force if necessary, an Islamic nation under the rule of the first Caliphs. A way that this group got the things they needed done was to do Terrioist attacks, they went through training etc. In summary, select members from the group Al Qadea was responsible for the 9/11 attacks.



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Why?
Why is a aspect we all wonder about, and not everyone fully understands what really caused Al Qadea to plan something so devastating on US soil. The first tensions between Bin Laden go back to the 1990's when Bin Laden was outraged when the government allowed US troops to station in Saudi Arabia, which is the birthplace of Islam. Because of this the government expelled him from Saudi Arabia for anti-government activities. Osama Bin Laden moved his Al Qadea headquarters elsewhere and in 1996 he declared war on the US. From this point there were constant battles of expelling Bin Laden and his group from different areas done by the US and Saudi Arabia, causing Bin Laden to constantly have to move. He finally was able to settle in Afghanistan where Al Qadea set up terrorist training camps.
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Where/When
On September 11 2001 19 members from the radical group Al Qadea hijacked planes departing from different places and rerouted them. They flew the planes into the heartland of New York which is the World trade center, and into the pentagon. We knew we where at war with Al Qadea but we didn't expect them kill thousands of Americans the way they did. Up to 50,000 people worked in the twin towers, and both feel in less than 90 minutes, killing not only those in the building and in the planes but also those on the ground trying the run away because of the massive amount of smoke.
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Impact On American Society
Till this day 9/11 is still very talked about by the American Society, and on every 9/11 the people's whose lives were lost are mourned. There was a memorial built and every year there is a ceremony where someone reads off all the names of the people who died. 9/11 has impacted the American Society by a ton. The airports have gotten so much stricter, checking bags, doing body searches, not allowing people to go to certain areas of a airport, and just a overall different method than what it was before 9/11 happened. Not only did it affect airports it affected schools, work everything, to really make sure something like that wouldn't happen again. It also has affected many people who lost their loved ones in 9/11 and forever they will remember that day of horror, because they lost that special someone. 9/11 is a landmark in US history and it will never be forgotten.





Citations
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ABC-CLIO, 2012. Web. 24 May 2012.

"Fahrenheit 9/11." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William A. Darity, Jr. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 79-80. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 24 May 2012.

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<http://www.september11news.com/>.

"The forty-third president of the United States, George W. Bush, declared a “War on Terror” after the..." The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Terrorism. Patricia D. Netzley. Ed. Moataz A. Fattah. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007. Gale World History In Context. Web. 30 May 2012.

"A photograph of The 9/11 Commission Report cover." Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. Gale World History In Context. Web. 30 May 2012.

Hayes, Laura, Borgna Brunner, and Beth Rowen. "Al-Qadea." Infoplease. Pearson
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al-qaeda-terrorism.html>.

Ó hÉochaidh, Roibín. "10 years later: How did the 9/11 attacks change America?"
News Center. US Regents, n.d. Web. 31 May 2012.
<http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/2011/09/09/
10-years-later-how-did-the-911-attacks-change-america/>.